Your thyroid is your body’s powerhouse. Your energy levels, metabolism, and heart rate are all controlled by this small, butterfly-shaped gland. Without enough thyroid hormone, your mitochondria aren’t able to produce the energy that your cells need for optimum performance. At the other end of the spectrum, your body can go into “overdrive” if it produces too much thyroid hormone. Both of these conditions have negative implications for your heart health, so best keep on top of things.

Thyroid Issues are More Common Than you Think

One in eight women produce either too much or not enough thyroid hormone. Females are at higher risk for thyroid issues than men, and the risk for both genders increases with age. In fact the stats for those with undiagnosed thyroid disease are shocking. Hormonal changes like pregnancy or menopause can also make women more vulnerable to thyroid problems –I see a lot of women in my office whose thyroids have gone off course after having a child. It’s also easy to attribute thyroid symptoms to age or menopause instead of getting to the root of the issue, but please don’t fall into this trap! Too often people excuse their symptoms as “getting old”, but such is not always the case. You deserve better.

Here we go with the thyroid.

TSH, The Master Hormone

To understand how your thyroid can wreak havoc on your health, you need to understand how it functions. Your thyroid sits at the base of your neck, where it performs the vital task of secreting thyroid hormone which in turn triggers a cascade of other hormones and processes throughout the body. The key point about thyroid hormone is that your body is very sensitive to the amounts it receives. Any imbalances can have devastating repercussions.

The amount of hormone your thyroid secretes is controlled by the amount of thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) secreted by your brain. In other words, TSH is the “master” hormone, and it’s produced in your pituitary gland and tells your thyroid to secrete its hormones—it is not a thyroid hormone itself.

Autoimmune Disorders Can Affect Your Thyroid

 What’s more, your thyroid is vulnerable to autoimmune disorders. The autoimmune disorder Grave’s disease causes too much thyroid hormone to be produced. In contrast, Hashimoto’s disease causes your autoimmune system to attack your thyroid, slowing down thyroid hormone production.

Your thyroid can also become inflamed (this is called Thyroiditis), or develop nodules or small lumps which can disrupt your normal thyroid function. Autoimmunity is a main reason for thyroid nodules, as is iodine deficiency.

Hypothyroidism: When Your Body Slows Down

If your thyroid isn’t producing enough thyroid hormone, your body slows down, resulting in a condition called hypothyroidism. The symptoms of hypothyroidism show up in many troublesome ways and include:

Feeling cold all the time
Dry skin
Dry hairMuscle weakness
Poor libido
Memory problems
Constipation
Depression – thyroid can impact serotonin
levels
Weight gainHoarsenessElevated cholesterol

Could You be Experiencing Hypothyroid Symptoms?

Despite this long list of issues, about 60 percent of people with hypothyroidism aren’t aware of it. One reason for this is that it’s easy to blame thyroid symptoms on a poor diet or growing older. As well, hypothyroid symptoms tend to develop slowly, and we often blame ourselves for weight gain.

If you experience any of the symptoms above, it’s a good idea to dig deep and figure out the root cause – including a detailed checkup of your thyroid that I often order for my patients. These uncomfortable symptoms do not have to be part of your “normal” day if we find the root cause.

Hyperthyroidism: The Consequences of Too Much Thyroid Hormone

In contrast, when your body produces too much thyroid hormone, the condition is called hyperthyroidism. With hyperthyroidism, your body’s functions accelerate. Although this might sound appealing, many of the symptoms are debilitating and harmful. Some signs of hyperthyroidism include:

Feeling hot all the time
Anxiety
A rapid heartbeat
Weight loss
Sweatiness
Tremors
Restlessness
Missed periods

As with hypothyroidism, the symptoms of hyperthyroidism are often attributed to other issues, such as stress. Stress is something we should attribute symptoms to only when everything else has been ruled out!

With So Many Symptoms, Why Are Thyroid Disorders Hard to Diagnose?

One challenging problem with identifying thyroid issues is that many conventional medical doctors run one test for thyroid, only testing the amount of TSH in your blood. However, testing one hormone often doesn’t give the complete picture of thyroid health. A more holistic approach which tests various hormone levels throughout the system can often yield more information – and more effective treatment. We run a full thyroid panel in for our patients so we can see the entire scenario.

Prevention: How can you Avoid Thyroid Problems?

Unfortunately, prevention isn’t always possible, since triggers can sometimes be genetic.  Other risk factors include chronic stress and a history of autoimmune diseases. Hormone balances can also block proper thyroid function. In addition, more research is pointing to the role of  environmental factors in disrupting thyroid hormones.

Addressing the lifestyle factors which can cause inflammation of your immune system can do a lot to help stabilize thyroid hormones whatever the cause of your imbalance, but especially for those with autoimmune thyroid issues.

Strategies for protecting your thyroid health:

Reduce stress.

Since stress can interfere with thyroid function by slowing the production of TSH, addressing your stress levels is important. Exercise is a good way to both reduce stress and improve your metabolism, which can help balance the effects of hypothyroidism. Need help with stress reduction: good news – Naturopathic Doctors are great with this!

Cut your sugar intake.

Your thyroid is a crucial component of your endocrine (hormonal) system. Sugar is metabolized by another vital organ in the interconnected endocrine system, your pancreas. As a result, there is a complex relationship between diabetes and thyroid disease. Managing your glucose levels can help stabilize your thyroid. Your body will thank you for cutting out sugar for so many reasons!

Eat to protect your gut health.

Maintaining enough good bacteria in your digestive system can protect your immune system and reduce the risk of autoimmune problems. Thyroid-friendly foods are high in nutrients such as Iron, Vitamin A, and antioxidants.

Watch your iodine intake.

Iodine is essential for good thyroid function, but too much can also lead to problems. Fortified salt, seaweed, and some seafood all contain high levels of iodine.

Pay attention to how gluten affects you.

People with celiac disease are three times more likely to have a thyroid problem. Celiac disease can interfere with the absorption of nutrients such as iodine. If you have trouble digesting gluten, consider eliminating it and have your thyroid checked.

Look for high-fiber foods

Especially if you’re hypothyroid. Having hypothyroidism can slow your digestive system and lead to constipation, so you want to focus on keeping things moving

In general, the key is to focus on a whole-foods diet that will reduce inflammation. Avoiding artificial ingredients and regulating your blood sugar will reduce dietary stress and help maintain thyroid health. We can help with this issue, too.

I’m Concerned About My Thyroid. What’s the Next Step?

When it comes to resolving thyroid issues, early detection is the key. It’s also important to complete thorough testing- evaluating thyroid hormone levels can be complex and often left undiagnosed by the conventional healthcare system. If you’re experiencing any of the symptoms of thyroid issues – either hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism – give us a call! Thyroid issues do not have to affect your daily life.

Hungry for more thyroid info? I blogged all about the ins and outs of thyroid testing here: https://www.greenathome.ca/when-thyroid-needs-more-than-a-detox/

Want to get started but not sure where to start? Book your free Hormone Reset Assessment Call here https://calendly.com/drwebsternd/hormone-reset-assessment-call

Your Hormone Advocate,

Dr. Hillary

Sources

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20030460

https://www.endocrineweb.com/conditions/thyroid/how-manage-stress-if-you-have-autoimmune-thyroid-disease

https://www.health.harvard.edu/staying-healthy/healthy-eating-for-a-healty-thyroid

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30060266

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16580033